Sage is a medium-sized perennial that originated in the Mediterranean region and belongs to the Lamiaceae family. Its lip-shaped petals have a strong attractive effect on numerous insects. The Latin name, specifically the species name (officinalis), refers to its ancient use in traditional medicine. Sage was known for its natural antiseptic and antibacterial properties and was also used to heal wounds, counteract stress, relieve stomach aches and combat sleep disorders.
The Romans considered it a sacred plant, and the scholars and philosophers of ancient Greece had already referred to this species. Its leaves are velvety and have a light whitish-gray coloration created by a dense layer of tiny hairs. Due to its characteristic fragrance of Mediterranean shrubs, sage is now used in many cuisines around the world, including in the United Kingdom and North America.
The plant is also widely used in the horticultural field due to its lush purple flowers. It prefers sunny locations and is otherwise relatively undemanding. For this reason, its original distribution area has expanded and it now grows in many gardens around the world. Its flowers are rich in nectar and attract pollinators, even to urban gardens, which is becoming increasingly important for preserving this broad group of insects.